Discover an underwater forest—at 28 feet, the Kelp Forest is one of the tallest aquarium exhibits in the world. You'll get a diver's-eye view of sardines, leopard sharks, wolf-eels and a host of other fishes as they weave through swaying fronds of kelp, just like they do in the wild.
You're watching video highlights of daily activity in this exhibit.
In this Exhibit
Leopard sharks are one of the most common sharks along the coast of California. They're beautiful, slender fish with silvery-bronze skin, patterned with dark ovals that stretch in a neat row across their backs. (Look closely at the dark spots—the older a leopard shark is, the paler the interior of the spots.) Sturdy, triangular pectoral fins are matched by two dorsal fins, and a long, tapered tail swishes gracefully back and forth.
A red octopus's normal color is red or reddish brown, but like other octopuses it can change quickly—in a fraction of a second—to yellow, brown, white, red or a variety of mottled colors. To communicate or court, an octopus might contrast with its surroundings; to hide, it will camouflage itself. It can also alter skin texture to match sand or a rocky surface.
An octopus usually forages at night then retreats to its den to eat at leisure. It kills its prey (crabs are a favorite food) with venom secreted from its salivary glands, then cracks the shell with its sharp beak. It can also drill a hole in the snail's shell with its radula and inject a chemical that separates the snail's flesh from its shell. An octopus deposits empty shells outside its den in a pile–commonly called an "octopus's garden."
There are more than 100 species of rockfish and they come in many different shapes, sizes and color patterns. Colors vary from black and drab green to bright orange and red, and some rockfishes wear stripes or splotches. Their heads feature large eyes and thick, broad mouths that dip downward at the corners. Rockfish are known for the bony plates on their heads and bodies and the heavy spines on their fins.
"Cabezon" means "large head" in Spanish, and this sculpin's big head allows it to gulp some good-sized prey. Cabezon can swallow small, whole abalones, regurgitating the inedible shells.
Male and female sheephead have different color patterns and body shapes. Males are larger, with black tail and head sections; wide, reddish orange midriffs; red eyes and fleshy forehead bumps. Female sheephead are dull pink with white undersides. Both sexes have white chins and large, protruding canine teeth that can pry hard-shelled animals from rocks. After powerful jaws and sharp teeth crush the prey, modified throat bones (a throat plate) grind the shells into small pieces.
More Kelp Forest Animals
- This exhibit was designed with sharks in mind—the hourglass shape gives our large sharks plenty of room to glide and turn. Gliding helps sharks get rid of metabolic wastes in muscle tissue.
- Giant sea bass can reach 500 pounds but are so gentle they like to have their chins scratched by divers during feedings.
- This exhibit holds 350,000 gallons of water and the acrylic windows are three to four inches thick.